Re: ICC "Perishable Freight Investigation" requested by the USRA

Bill Welch

I realized that some historical perspective is in order to understand why the USRA turned to the ICC for their critique of the "Perishable Protective Tariff No.1" in 1920. Beginning in 1905 the ICC was conducting inquiries into how perishable commodities were handled. Although these inquiries began because of the variations in rates being charged for various functions, often seemly capriciously, the quality of services and ultimately the condition and design of refrigerator cars came under scrutiny. Therefore by the time the USRA was preparing to issue their Tariff No. 1, which was intended to make everything fairer and more predictable, they and the ICC had a lot of information. In addition they had the scientific research results done by the USDA over a period of several years that resulted in the USDA and joined by the USRA making recommendations for design standards for refrigerator cars.

Many of the complaints about rates and condition of equipment were focused on the Armour owned Fruit Growers Express, both their business practices and their car fleet, which is why I have found myself researching all of this and writing about it in such excruciating detail in my Chapter One. I also now have a copy of Tariff No. 1 and I am just now sorting out the meaning of all this new information before I integrate into my text, but one thing is clear to me: The work of the ICC, USDA and USRA had a profound effect on perishable traffic after 1920 with better designed refrigerator cars and standards for how the perishables were handled and what the charges would be. Coincidentally 1920, was the first year of operations for the new railroad owned Fruit Growers Express.

Bill Welch

--- In STMFC@..., timboconnor@... wrote:

I love it! From page 48:

"Freight rates are based only in part on cost of service, which usually is known only in a vague way."

I think that pretty well sums up the ICC's rate regulatory problem!

Tim O'

----- Original Message -----
From: "lnbill" <fgexbill@...>

Greg and anyone else, try this:

Under the downward triangle on the upper right side, there is a drop down menu that will allow you to download the document. The information is in the first quarterly report.

Here is a revised index I developed for the pages related to the ICC investigation of the Perishable Protective Tariff.

PDF page 24-25: Actual page 15-16
PDF page 57-59: Actual page 48-50
PDF page 63-64: Actual page 54-55
PDF page 66: Actual page 57
PDF page 71-72: Actual page 62-63
PDF page 78-81: Actual page 69-72
PDF page 83-86: Actual page 74-77
PDF page 92-99: Actual page 83-90
PDF page 107: Actual page 98
PDF page 109: Actual page 100
PDF page 111-112: Actual page 102-103
PDF page 116-177: Actual page 107-108

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

Join to automatically receive all group messages.