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And what did you think of MY tone?
Are you saying metal, in its solid form, does not shrink if it is cooled from 900 C down to 25 C? And would that shrinking, if it does indeed happen, not be in line with what we call the "coefficient of thermal expansion"?
Brass solidifies at around 920 C. So when the part gets to (around) 920 C, it will become a solid. IF there is a huge liquid reservoir STILL pressing down on the part, it will indeed compress the part. Unfortunately for your argument, the amount of compression is literally microscopic--as in, close to immeasurable. And please note that, when the part is no longer being compressed, it will spring back to its former size. Also, please note that all this springing back and forth STILL occurs at high temperature--the part has a long way to go to cool down to room temperature, and the shrinkage described in the previous paragraph will STILL happen.
Put more directly, I am saying you are wrong. Again. And I look forward to your attempt at disproving the concept of coefficient of thermal expansion.
On Mon, Apr 6, 2020 at 04:22 AM, Paul Woods wrote:
I am greatly insulted by your tone and it appears that you have not put any thought into your comment. Seriously? You are trying to tell us that ALL the metal in a casting cools to freezing point at exactly the same moment? You might know a lot about metallurgy but I know a bit about building things from metal. I hadn't bothered mentioning that the brass caster's tale matched my own experience gained building steel ships because it didn't seem important, but fine: the metal might eventually shrink equally, but not all at the same time because cooling happens from the outside in, and this can be used to our advantage. I have dealt with plenty of castings, such as A-frames for supporting ships' propeller shafts, with significant variations in section size. The orientation of the casting as it is poured is quite important, with the thicker part intentionally placed above the thinner part so that it acts as a reservoir keeping the thin section filled as it cools....as a metallurgist you should be aware of the high density of metals such as steel and brass, and thus the pressure that will be exerted that can keep pushing semi-molten metal down towards the bottom of a mould when it is cooled slowly enough - that is the key, achieving a slow enough rate of cooling. You can't tell me it doesn't work because I've already done it; yeah sure, the metal shrinks but if it's done right it is possible to control WHERE the shrinkage occurs. The column that lost-wax brass parts are stuck to when they are cast serves as one heck of a big reservoir of molten metal as the 'branches' are freezing so I don't have any reason to doubt what the caster said.
retired mechanical engineer