Re: Corn and Peanut Processing and Transportation Industry

Douglas Harding

In 1955, boxcars. While covered hoppers existed in the 50s, they were used for cement, carbon black, and other heavy commodities that had to be kept dry. In the 60s when larger covered hoppers were permitted, grain hoppers were designed and put into use. But in 1955 boxcars were the norm for shipping grains.


I don’t know about peanuts, but in the 50s a machine called a corn sheller was used to remove kernels from the cobs. Combines do that today, but didn’t come into wide spread use until the late 50s and 60s. Until then corn pickers were the norm, and they picked eared corn. The farmer often stored eared corn in open air corn cribs. Or the farmer hired someone who had a sheller to come and shell the corn so it could be stored in a sealed bin, ie a Butler bin. I believe grain elevators also owned corn shellers and could shell the corn as it was brought in for storage or sale, for a processing fee.


Corn cobs had many uses. On the farm they might be used in the outhouse, to start a fire, or even for livestock bedding. They are absorbent and also abrasive.  Commercial uses include cosmetic industry. Light sand blasting, animal feed. Furfural and xylose are two chemicals derived from corncobs.


Any of the Walthers buildings will work for corn. And perhaps for peanuts. The Feed mill was typically a place that would receive whole grains and additives, then grind the grain with the additives to make feed sold to local livestock raisers. A feed mill would also sell salt and mineral blocks and other animal feeding needs.


Doug Harding


From: <> On Behalf Of Allen Cain
Sent: Monday, February 1, 2021 5:40 PM
Subject: [RealSTMFC] Corn and Peanut Processing and Transportation Industry


i am working on an industry involving milled corn and/or processed peanuts in 1955 in the South.  Could use some help on the concept.

How would peanuts and corn be transported to elevators and mills for processing?  Box cars or covered hoppers?

Where would the corn kernels be separated from the cob and the corn kernels dried?

Where would the peanuts be separated from the shells?

Would there be a by-product use for the cobs and/or peanut shells and if so, how would they be transported?

I am considering an elevator and mill using the Walthers Prairie Star Elevator and Prairie Star Mill for receiving and processing and the Walthers Prairie Co-Op elevator for originating shipments:

Receiving Elevator:

Processing Mill:

Shipping Elevator:

Also would the Walthers Sunshine Feed Mill as a destination for dried corn kernels:

Feed Mill:

Any feedback and input will be appreciated.

Allen Cain

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