Re: Mineral Service on your Roads


ATSF1226
 

Hi Folks,
The Santa Fe hauled Coal and Coke into Central AZ to support the
Gold, Silver and Copper mining industry around Prescott AZ. Most of
the Coal/Coke coming from on-line mines at Gallup or the area around
Raton NM, in gons and later open hoppers. Smelters existed at
Clarkdale, Jerome and Humboldt AZ. Not all smelters were in operation
at the same time. The smelter at Jerome was feed by a narrow gauge
line from Copper AZ (now Chino Valley) where a Transfer Trestle was
located. Transfering Coal/Coke from standard gauge cars to narrow
gauge cars took place. The smelter at Jerome closed in 1920 and all
operations were moved to the Clarkdale Smelter and the narrow gauge
railroad closed. The Humboldt smelter closed in the mid 30's and all
smeltiing requirements were moved to Clarkdale. At times when the
Clarkdale smelter was unable to meet the demand Copper ore was
shipped to smelters in Bisbee AZ or El Paso TX. The Clarkdale smelter
closed in 1953 when the United Verde Open Pit mine closed. Some
Copper ore was still being mined from smaller operations but was then
moved to Bisbee for processiing in Gons. Copper Matte was moved from
the smelters was transported in Santa Fe Boxcars (thru the time of
this list). The Clarkdale smelter reopened in 1957 to produce Cement
for the Glen Canyon Dam project in Page AZ and the population growth
in the Phoenix area. After reopening Natural Gas was used to fire the
smelter, later converted to Bunker C fuel oil (Tank Cars) and then
back to Coal/Coke. In addition to the fuel, railcars imported Mill
Scale from steel mills and Fly Ash from power plants (fluxing agents)
for the manufacturing process. The plant recieved 10 cars of
Coal/Coke per day, five days a week, up until it's closing in the mid
90's. The plant used 300 tons a day for production. Most outbound
loads for the dam were shipped by truck. Covered Hoppers and Boxcars
handled the loads for other areas.

George A Walls




I have been doing a bunch more reading on minerals shipped by the
railroads,
and figure you could have an interest. This may create a more
interesting
through or set-out operation for you, or even an on-line industrial
interchange with your road, if we can figure out what cars were
used by what
roads, in this service.



We have pretty good ideas of what roads shipped coal, and iron ore,
but there
is a lot that can be done to ID some of the rest, some of which was
shipped
in open hoppers, others in covered hoppers, and even box cars.
Mineral
service was a huge amount of the traffic on most roads, even those
you
wouldn't think of, so I hope we can figure some of this out.



Here we go:



Aluminum; source area usually overseas (Guinea, Jamaica, Brazil,
India);
would have entered U.S. ports, most eastern.



QUESTIONS: What ports, and shipped by what roads, where destined,
how
shipped? How much?



Ammonium Sulfate; by-product of coking industry; used as soil
amendment,
white to yellow powder, shipped most often bagged, in box cars.
Sources:
Coke Industry - Bethlehem Steel, Colorado Fuel & Iron, Crucible
Steel,
Detroit Steel, Eastern Gas & Fuel, Ford Motor Co., Granite City
Steel, Inland
Steel, Interlake Iron, International Harvester, Jones & Laughlin,
Kaiser
Steel, Merritt-Chapman & Scott-Tennessee Products & Chemical,
National Steel,
Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical, Pittsburgh Steel, Republic Steel,
Sharon Steel,
U.S. Pipe & Foundry, U.S. Steel (numerous locations), Wheeling
Steel,
Woodward Iron, Youngstown Sheet & Tube (to start) If you want more
details
about any of these facilities' production rates or locations, ask!



Questions: Where did all this bagged product go first, before it
went to
local feed & fertilizer distributors?



Calcium Carbide: grayish-white mineral used in de-sulphurization
of iron.
Also used in deoxidization at the ladle, in treatment.



QUESTIONS: Sources? Shipped by what roads? Are these the
cylindrical tanks
we have seen shipped on the NYC and RI in dedicated service rack
flats? How
much of this was shipped?



Chromium: blue-white ore; by 1952, 40% was coming from Turkey, 38%
South
Africa, some from s. Egypt & Cuba (i.e., 79% import), with small
amounts from
Montana, California, Oregon, and Alabama. Used in ferrochromium
production.
Most coming through ports of Philadelphia, Baltimore (others??).
Shipped
most often in open twin hoppers not filled to volumetric capacity
due to
weight. Most headed to specialty steel-making facilities (and small
industrial chromium coating concerns, but first through where?)



QUESTIONS: What other ports, and shipped by what roads? How much?





More minerals, later! Any input appreciated.



Elden Gatwood







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