Re: Bulk goods, was Cement ingredients, nee': cement travel
Steve Lucas <stevelucas3@...>
I've been greatly enjoying this discussion on bulk materials and their shipment by rail in the purview of the STMFC list.toggle quoted messageShow quoted text
Gravel, sand, and crushed rock was used in great quantitites in the Toronto, Ontario area post-WWII. A radius of 100 miles was cited from that city to gravel pits as the maximum distance that profitable aggregate extraction was practical. At lest one producer outside that distance opened a new quarry 90 miles east of Toronto on CN because of this.
Coal seemed to travel far greater distances, CN getting much of its steam loco coal from mines on the IC (and thereby causing me to take much interest in IC hopper cars). The CPR had its Southern Ontario loco coal car floated across Lake Erie from Astabula OH, a lot of it in PRR H21's. Some loco coal used by the GTR and later CN in Eastern Ontario came from the BR&P and later B&O from the Punxsutawney, PA area, being car floated across Lake Ontario from near Rochester, NY.
Many Southern Ontario coal dealers got their coal supplies from the anthracite roads. The nearest source of Canadian coal (and soft coal at that) in Nova Scotia was 1100 miles from Toronto, ON. Consequently a lot of anthracite moved through Southern Ontario. A smaller market was found in Southern Quebec, with B&O and other roads' hoppers being seen in steam-era photos of that part of Canada.
A bulk good shipped from Ontario to the US was and still is nepehline syenite, used in glass-making--
A gleaming white variety was moved in boxcars from its early extraction in Eastern Ontario in the 1930's. Later, CN and then CPR "slab-side" covered hoppers carried this material to US markets. The CPR still moves this material from a mine about 70 miles north of Rochester, NY. This is an example of a raw material that moves some distance because of its rarity in North America.
As an aside, I believe that iron ore is now supplied to China, Japan, and India almost entirely, if not wholly, by Australia. Some of the world's longest trains carry iron ore from mines in the Broken Hill area of New South Wales and the Pilbara region of Western Australia to Australian ports. Consequently, US iron ore seldom is exported to these countries.
--- In STMFC@..., "mike brock" <brockm@...> wrote: