Re: Foreign Road Stock Cars

Anthony Thompson <thompson@...>

Guy Wilber wrote:
The minimum resting time of five hours was mandated by The Livestock Twenty-Eight Hour Act which contains no provisions relating to cleaning cars or bedding. What is the source for rules stating livestock could not be loaded into dirty cars? It is plausible that individuals railroads had such rules, but I have yet to see any solid information that the US roads were required to clean cars and add fresh bedding per each loading.
Several writers on freight transportation, such as John Droege, mention the need for clean bedding and clean cars, and several railroaders in interviews have said that shippers had the right to refuse to load stock into any car that was not clean. Certainly there are a number of indications from Santa Fe and SP practice, to name two, which are consistent with this. You may well be right, Guy, that there was no statutory rule on clean cars, but doesn't mean it was not a de facto requirement.

The pamphlet was revised in 1933 to include all forms of livestock. Two general rules to consider; (2) Cars containing bedding that makes them unfit for loading should be cleaned., (3) Accumulation of winter bedding should be removed from cars in time to condition them for spring loading. No reference to cleaning cars in general before loading any type of livestock is within the pamphlet.
Shippers were concerned about both insect infestation in old bedding and manure, and with disease. The idea that one might put clean bedding into a dirty car, or atop dirty bedding, would seem untenable to at least some shippers. And of course the shipper's right to refuse a dirty or unfit car extended to ALL car types.

Tony Thompson Editor, Signature Press, Berkeley, CA
2906 Forest Ave., Berkeley, CA 94705
(510) 540-6538; fax, (510) 540-1937; e-mail, thompson@...
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